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Photo Gyan

How to take Sharp Photos

Camera lenses can only achieve their sharpest photos at one particular aperture. This is typically 2 to 3 stops down from the widest aperture, putting it around f/8 on most lenses.
Your choice of aperture should be based on other considerations first (such achieving an acceptable shutter speed and depth of field), but try to stay close to this optimum aperture wherever possible.

When focusing, most cameras will try to keep as much of the scene acceptably sharp as possible. This is fine when you want to see detail everywhere, but it does mean that no one object will be super sharp.
Switch your camera into single point focus mode. This tells your camera to focus sharply on just one point (typically in the centre of the frame). Before composing your shot, focus by aiming this point at your subject and half pressing the shutter. This will keep the subject as sharp as possible.

What are the advantages of learning photography ?

  • Photography is such an Art and Science that it can be taken up by almost anybody. 
  • It is one of the most effective medium of bringing artistic expressions out of different people. 
  • It keeps active a young and old mind alike. 
  • It is a perfect medium of recording visual events or subjects as memories. 

If this medium is so easily available to many specially with the advent of Digitalization of cameras and photography as a whole, then why does one need to Learn from experts in the field?

Photography can be self-taught but the combination of Art, Science and Techniques takes much longer time to grasp in the self-learning process. More often than not Combining the above three factors can be tricky. That is why it helps to learn photography from an expert

Why it is difficult to produce out of focus blur in the back grounds when photographed with a compact digital camera?

All compact cameras have smaller focal lengths; all lenses with smaller focal lengths (not equivalent focal length) have a deeper Depth of field.

What is meant by the term equivalent focal length?

Equivalent focal length is a term usually referred to focal lengths of a full frame 35mm camera as in most 35mm film cameras with a format size of 24 X 36 mm frame and also any modern full frame digital camera, where a normal lens would be 50mm, lesser focal length would go towards wide angle (e.g. 28mm would be a moderate wide angle lens) and longer than 50 mm would be towards Tele lens (e.g. 105 mm would be a moderate tele).

Therefore a normal lens of an APS-C size digital SLR (which majority of digital SLR’s in use are), the normal lens would be 25mm approx. in some of the compact cameras The normal lens would be calculated to 12 to 15mm approx.

What is Depth of field ?

Depth of field is the sharpness or lack of it in the background and foreground of a picture where the main subject focused will be sharp fully. Un sharp background and foreground with the main subject being sharp fully is Less Depth of field and sharper background and foreground keeping the main subject sharp fully is more depth of field.

What are the factors that control The depth of field?

  • The aperture in a lens controls Depth of field i.e. smaller the aperture more the depth of field and larger the aperture lesser the depth of field for a given focal length.
  • The focal length changes Depth of field i.e. longer the focal length – lesser the depth of field and shorter the focal length – more the depth of field for a given aperture.
  • The distance of a subject from the camera changes the Depth of field, i.e. longer the distance from the camera – more the Depth of field and lesser the distance from the camera less Depth of field for a given focal length and aperture.

What is White balance?

White balance normally is referred to different color tone of the light source itself or the reflected light from a colored surface or area illuminating the subject.

For example Light from a setting sun is very Orange/Red, mid day sun very white and under a shadow of a building from the day sun but with a deep blue sky there is a lot of blue hue. Pictures taken under each of the above condition will create a color bias, so to correct these factors in a picture White balance setting is provided in a digital camera.

What are some of the factors that one should look into while composing a frame

While composing a frame look for leading lines, which leads the eyes into the frame

What is exposure in reference to photography

Exposure is one of the most important things to take into account when learning photography. The two main points when talhing about exposure in photography are shutter speed and exposure.

What is composition?

Composition is the structure of a photograph. It’s how you arrange the elements in your image to create the look you want, and it can make or break an image. If you stumble upon an interesting subject — no matter how good the light is, or how unusual the conditions are — you still need to compose the photo well if you want a successful result.

  • Well-known composition technique
  • 1. Rule of Thirds. ... 
  • 2. Centred Composition and Symmetry. ... 
  • 3. Foreground Interest and Depth. ... 
  • 4. Frame Within the Frame. ... 
  • 5. Leading Lines. ... 
  • 6. Diagonals and Triangles. ... 
  • 7. Patterns and Textures. ... 
  • 8. Rule of Odds.

Note : Students should have a DSLR Camera, preferably 8 MP or higher.

New Batch Dates

Introduction to photowalks

Why Photowalks?:

Our theme based photowalks are meant to inspire photographers and people interested in photography  to enhance and explore their creative sides.

Who can join?

Our Photowalks are meant for both, people already into photography as well as for those who are wanting to explore photography, as  it  provides inspiration for exploring a new creative art and being able to use it for travel and street related photography.

What can you achieve?

Photowalks are great for stretching your skills by trying new concepts or  exploring  a new place in the city with like minded people and  a trained photographer to help participants.


Once a month somewhere in Delhi or the NCR.

Cost for Participation:

6 months  : Rs.1200 +GST

1 year       : Rs,2000 + GST

Enrolment in the one year entitles the participant to all Photowalks

Next Photowalk: To be announced shortly

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